Barwon Plain

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Overall Area
Main TownsColac
Land UseMixed farming
Cattle grazing for both dairy and beef production
Main IndustriesAgriculture
Main Natural FeaturesBarwon River
Barongarook Creek
Waun Ponds Creek

The Barwon Plain landscape system is situated between the Otway Coast, Heytesbury, Western District Lakes, Basalt Plains and Geelong-Bellarine areas.  Its’ northern boundary is generally the Princes Highway while to the south it is the Otway Ranges.  Major towns include Colac and Winchelsea, with the Colac-Otway and Surf Coast Shires being the main municipalities.  It occurs mainly within the Eastern Maar area, but also includes part of the Wadawurrung traditional lands.

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Grazing for livestock (beef, sheep and dairy) and forestry are key land uses in this area.

The Barwon River is the main water course running through this area with the flood-plains of the Barwon River and its tributaries extending from the foothills of the northern side of the Otway Ranges to the basalt plains near Winchelsea. Significant water bodies in this landscape includes the Wurdiboluc Reservoir, which supplies potable water to Geelong, Anglesea, Torquay and the Bellarine Peninsula. Mixed farming and cattle grazing for both dairy and beef production are the main agricultural industries. The soils also show a gradual transition from acid, freely drained profiles to heavier neutral soils as the influence of basalt-derived alluvium increases towards the north.

Key values identified in the Barwon Plains landscape system include:
• known rare and threatened species and platypus
• significant Ecological Vegetation Classes
• significant bird species and important bird habitat
• significant native fish and amphibian species including galaxias
• recreation, including fishing, picnicking, walking tracks
• areas of drought refuge
• urban and rural township water storages.